By Philip Katcher
Uniformed volunteer devices have been raised through members, frequently from an area's social Г©lite who had adequate spare time and money to spend on such enthusiasms. They voted on their unit designation, their officials and non-commissioned officials, their unit principles, and their uniform. Many destiny leaders realized their abilities in those ranks, and volunteer armed forces devices shaped the center of many combating devices on either side of the Mason-Dixon line. With assistance from quite a few photos and illustrations, together with 8 complete web page color plates via Ron Volstad, Philip Katcher does a great task of detailing the uniforms of the volunteer defense force of the yankee Civil warfare.
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Extra resources for American Civil War Armies: Volunteer Militia
However, the new regiment was short-lived: it was completely destroyed by the Chilean Bn Curicó in a night ambush at El Manzano on December 27, 1880. The quality of the Peruvian troops recruited for the defense of Lima at Miraflores was very patchy; some were regulars, others conscripted Indians or peasants from large state or private haciendas, and most proved to be unreliable due to their superficial training. Some units on the right wing fought bravely, but this makeshift force had no chance of victory against Chilean veterans.
During the first two campaigns, fought in the Atacama Desert, the Peruvian infantrymen of the Ejército del Sur wore all-white tropical uniforms of very simple cut. On July 12, 1880 President Piérola decreed new dress regulations for the Army of the Reserve of Lima; these prescribed a simple double-breasted tunic entirely in dark blue. The few regular infantrymen who followed Cáceres in the Sierra used any kind of clothing they had or could find. D1: Private, Battalion Huancayo, 1881 This unit, the second of infantry to be formed for the defense of Lima, was one of the few to survive that action, and marched into the central Andes to continue resistance.
The all-red képi was the only item of dress used throughout Cáceres’s army, in order to distinguish its units from those of Iglesias’s Army of the North, which had all-blue caps. Note the poncho wrapped around the waist; a very common practice in the Peruvian and Bolivian armies. Armed with a Snider-Enfield rifle, this soldier is playing the charango, a traditional instrument popular among the Quechua Indians. D2: Private, 1st Line Battalion Pichincha, 1879 This soldier has the light gray “Prussian” uniform prescribed by the 1872 regulations, piped on collar, cuffs, and front edge with the distinctive light blue color of the regular infantry.