A Bridge Not Attacked: Chemical Warfare Civilian Research by Harold Johnston

By Harold Johnston

This quantity tells the radical actual tales touching on hugely proficient civilian scientists in a few strange locations and occasions in the course of international struggle II. the aim of the paintings is to offer a virtually forgotten historical past of mystery warfare examine in universities. the point of interest is at the slim topic of chemical war study and on a small variety of participants, yet with in-depth research of those members and what they did. in most cases graduate scholars and younger teachers, they have been operating below the path of professors on the California Institute of expertise (Caltech) and the college of California (Berkeley). motion came about in California, Florida and the jungles of Panama. This background touches at the paintings of 4 senior Nobel Prize winners and 8 junior, destiny Nobel Prize winners at Caltech and Berkeley.

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Extra resources for A Bridge Not Attacked: Chemical Warfare Civilian Research During World War II

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Sntdio photograph, 1941. 5. John Otvos. Photograph by Army photographer in Panama, 1944. 36 CHAPTER 1 in the S-10 preparation, under his supervision, and in the afternoons I became a specialist on one-half of the charcoal system. It had taken more than a month to fill a large bulb in the second hood of Room 65, with the amount of S-10 the army needed. The dangerous job of transferring the S-10 from the small bulb of each day’s work to the large container in the second hood was done only by Professor Dickinson, or sometimes by Dr.

Fill the jar with water, screw on the star-shaped lid, and quickly turn the jar upside down. When the chickens drink from the star-shaped trough, a bubble of air goes in and a slug of water comes out. ” Professor Dickinson went to the glass-blowing bench, cut a glass tube of the proper length, fire-polished the ends, put it in the carboy, and it worked as expected. At this point Professor Dickinson complimented me for the idea, and I felt proud of myself but tried not to show it. * * * After receiving a telephone call late in the morning, Dickinson cheehlly told me that my SECRET clearance was approved.

Art went to bring in a container of liquid air. John and I carried out the charcoal tests for the newly arrived gases according to plan, but at slack intervals in our job, we watched the ongoing operation. Diclunson and Stosick had finished making the all-glass connection. They turned on the pumps to clear the apparatus of air. Stosick mounted a large-mouth Dewar flask containing liquid air under the Army’s empty bulb. Slowly he turned the crank of an automobile jack to raise the liquid air up to and onto the bulb.

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